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Variety from Germany
Berlin Parsley Seeds Dual use

Berlin Parsley Root Seeds (dual use)

Berlin Parsley Root Seeds (dual use)

Price for Package of 1000+ seeds.

Dual-use variety. Delicious parsnip like roots. Full-flavored parsley leaves. Easy from seed. This species of parsley is widely grown in Europe and the Mediterranean but seldom seen in British gardens.

€2.25
Seeds in pack :
  • 1000
Net weight:
  • 1.4 g
Quantity

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Berlin Parsley Root Seeds (dual use)

Price for Package of 1000+ seeds.

Dual-use variety. Delicious parsnip like roots. Full-flavored parsley leaves. Easy from seed. This species of parsley is widely grown in Europe and the Mediterranean but seldom seen in British gardens. One sowing in spring will provide all the parsley leaves you need for a whole season. Underground the plants produce a large parsnip like tap root identical to a parsnip.

These roots are delicious roasted and have a unique flavor and can be used as you would parsnips. The roots can be left in the ground through winter.

Wikipedia:

Parsley or garden parsley (Petroselinum crispum) is a species of flowering plant in the family Apiaceae that is native to the central Mediterranean region (Cyprus, southern Italy, Greece, Portugal, Spain, Malta, Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia), but has naturalized elsewhere in Europe, and is widely cultivated as an herb, a spice, and a vegetable.

Where it grows as a biennial, in the first year, it forms a rosette of tripinnate leaves, 10–25 cm (3.9–9.8 in) long, with numerous 1–3 cm (0.4–1.2 in) leaflets and a taproot used as a food store over the winter. In the second year, it grows a flowering stem with sparser leaves and umbels with yellow to yellowish-green flowers.

Parsley is widely used in European, Middle Eastern, and American cuisine. Curly leaf parsley is often used as a garnish. In central Europe, eastern Europe, and southern Europe, as well as in western Asia, many dishes are served with fresh green chopped parsley sprinkled on top. Flat-leaf parsley is similar, but it is easier to cultivate, and some say it has a stronger flavor. Root parsley is very common in central, eastern, and southern European cuisines, where it is used as a snack or a vegetable in many soups, stews, and casseroles.

Etymology

Freeze-dried parsley showing name in German, Spanish and Greek on the label

The word "parsley" is a merger of Old English petersilie (which is identical to the contemporary German word for parsley: Petersilie) and the Old French peresil, both derived from Medieval Latin petrosilium, from Latin petroselinum,[1] which is the latinization of the Greek πετροσέλινον (petroselinon), "rock-celery",[2] from πέτρα (petra), "rock, stone",[3] + σέλινον (selinon), "celery".[4][5][6] Mycenaean Greek se-ri-no, in Linear B, is the earliest attested form of the word selinon.[7]

Description

Parsley leaves

Garden parsley is a bright green, biennial plant in temperate climates, or an annual herb in subtropical and tropical areas.

Where it grows as a biennial, in the first year, it forms a rosette of tripinnate leaves 10–25 cm long with numerous 1–3 cm leaflets, and a taproot used as a food store over the winter. In the second year, it grows a flowering stem to 75 cm (30 in) tall with sparser leaves and flat-topped 3–10 cm diameter umbels with numerous 2 mm diameter yellow to yellowish-green flowers. The seeds are ovoid, 2–3 mm long, with prominent style remnants at the apex. One of the compounds of the essential oil is apiol. The plant normally dies after seed maturation.[6][8][9]

Nutritional content

Parsley, fresh
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 151 kJ (36 kcal)
Carbohydrates
6.33 g
Sugars 0.85 g
Dietary fiber 3.3 g
Fat
0.79 g
Protein
2.97 g
Vitamins Quantity%DV
Vitamin A equiv.
beta-Carotene
lutein zeaxanthin
53%
421 μg
47%
5054 μg
5561 μg
Thiamine (B1)
7%
0.086 mg
Riboflavin (B2)
8%
0.09 mg
Niacin (B3)
9%
1.313 mg
Pantothenic acid (B5)
8%
0.4 mg
Vitamin B6
7%
0.09 mg
Folate (B9)
38%
152 μg
Vitamin C
160%
133 mg
Vitamin E
5%
0.75 mg
Vitamin K
1562%
1640 μg
Minerals Quantity%DV
Calcium
14%
138 mg
Iron
48%
6.2 mg
Magnesium
14%
50 mg
Manganese
8%
0.16 mg
Phosphorus
8%
58 mg
Potassium
12%
554 mg
Sodium
4%
56 mg
Zinc
11%
1.07 mg

Link to USDA Database entry
  • Units
  • μg = micrograms • mg = milligrams
  • IU = International units
Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults. 
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

Parsley is a source of flavonoids and antioxidants, especially luteolin, apigenin,[10] folic acid, vitamin K, vitamin C, and vitamin A. Half a tablespoon (a gram) of dried parsley contains about 6.0 µg of lycopene and 10.7 µg of alpha carotene as well as 82.9 µg of lutein+zeaxanthin and 80.7 µg of beta carotene.

Precautions

Excessive consumption of parsley should be avoided by pregnant women. Normal food quantities are safe for pregnant women, but consuming excessively large amounts may have uterotonic effects.

Cultivation

Parsley grows best in moist, well-drained soil, with full sun. It grows best between 22–30 °C (72–86 °F), and usually is grown from seed.[9] Germination is slow, taking four to six weeks,[9] and it often is difficult because of furanocoumarins in its seed coat.[13] Typically, plants grown for the leaf crop are spaced 10 cm apart, while those grown as a root crop are spaced 20 cm apart to allow for the root development.[9]

Parsley attracts several species of wildlife. Some swallowtail butterflies use parsley as a host plant for their larvae; their caterpillars are black and green striped with yellow dots, and will feed on parsley for two weeks before turning into butterflies. Bees and other nectar-feeding insects also visit the flowers. Birds such as the goldfinch feed on the seeds.

Cultivars

Parsley plant, crispum group

In cultivation, parsley is subdivided into several cultivar groups,[14] depending on the form of the plant, which is related to its end use. Often these are treated as botanical varieties,[15] but they are cultivated selections, not of natural botanical origin.[8]

Leaf parsley

The two main groups of parsley used as herbs are French, or curly leaf (P. crispum crispum group; syn. P. crispum var. crispum); and, Italian, or flat leaf (P. crispum neapolitanum group; syn. P. crispum var. neapolitanum). Of these, the neapolitanum group more closely resembles the natural wild species. Flat-leaved parsley is preferred by some gardeners as it is easier to cultivate, being more tolerant of both rain and sunshine,[16] and is said to have a stronger flavor[9] — although this is disputed[16] — while curly leaf parsley is preferred by others because of its more decorative appearance in garnishing.[16][17] A third type, sometimes grown in southern Italy, has thick leaf stems resembling celery.[16]

Root parsley

Root parsley

Another type of parsley is grown as a root vegetable, the Hamburg root parsley (P. crispum radicosum group, syn. P. crispum var. tuberosum). This type of parsley produces much thicker roots than types cultivated for their leaves. Although seldom used in Britainand the United States, root parsley is common in central and eastern European cuisine, where it is used in soups and stews, or simply eaten raw, as a snack (similar to carrots).[16]

Although root parsley looks similar to the parsnip, which is among its closest relatives in the family Apiaceae, its taste is quite different.

Culinary use

Tabbouleh salad

Parsley is widely used in Middle Eastern, European, Brazilian, and American cooking. Curly leaf parsley is used often as a garnish. Green parsley is used frequently as a garnish on potato dishes (boiled or mashed potatoes), on rice dishes (risotto or pilaf), on fish, fried chicken, lamb, goose, and steaks, as well in meat or vegetable stews (including shrimp creole, beef bourguignon, goulash, or chicken paprikash).[18]

In central Europe, eastern Europe, and southern Europe, as well as in western Asia, many dishes are served with fresh green, chopped parsley sprinkled on top. In southern and central Europe, parsley is part of bouquet garni, a bundle of fresh herbs used as an ingredient in stocks, soups, and sauces. Freshly chopped green parsley is used as a topping for soups such as chicken soup, green salads, or salads such as salade Olivier, and on open sandwiches with cold cuts or pâtés.

Parsley seeds

Persillade is a mixture of chopped garlic and chopped parsley in French cuisine.

Parsley is the main ingredient in Italian salsa verde, which is a mixed condiment of parsley, capers, anchovies, garlic, and sometimes bread, soaked in vinegar. It is an Italian custom to serve it with bollito misto or fish. Gremolata, a mixture of parsley, garlic, and lemon zest, is a traditional accompaniment to the Italian veal stew, ossobuco alla milanese.

In England, parsley sauce is a roux-based sauce, commonly served over fish or gammon.

Root parsley is very common in Central, Eastern, and Southern European cuisines, where it is used as a snack or a vegetable in many soups, stews, and casseroles, and as ingredient for broth.

In Brazil, freshly chopped parsley (salsa) and freshly chopped scallion (cebolinha) are the main ingredients in the herb seasoning called cheiro-verde (literally "green aroma"), which is used as key seasoning for major Brazilian dishes, including meat, chicken, fish, rice, beans, stews, soups, vegetables, salads, condiments, sauces, and stocks. Cheiro-verde is sold in food markets as a bundle of both types of fresh herbs. In some Brazilian regions, chopped parsley may be replaced by chopped coriander (also called cilantro, coentro in Portuguese) in the mixture.

Parsley is a key ingredient in several Middle Eastern salads such as Lebanese tabbouleh; it is also often mixed in with the chickpeas and/or fava beans while making falafel (that gives the inside of the falafel its green color).

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Data sheet

Handpicked seeds ?
Handpicked seeds
HEIRLOOM ?
Yes
Organic Seeds ?
Organic Seeds
Organic/natural ?
Organic/Natural: Yes
Edible ?
Edible
Germination ?
Germination rate 85%
Sowing depth ?
Sowing depth 1 cm
Resistant to cold and frost ?
Resistant to cold and frost
Plant is suitable for growing ?
The plant is suitable for outdoors cultivation
Plant is suitable for growing ?
The plant is suitable for growing on a balcony-terrace
Plant is suitable for growing ?
The plant is suitable for growing in a greenhouse
Suitable for growing in flower pot ?
Suitable for pot: Yes
Medicinal Plant ?
Medicinal Plant: Yes

Specific References

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